Depending on the stage of gum disease when it’s diagnosed, there are both non-surgical and surgical treatment options.
- Periodontal Maintenance – During a routine cleaning, your dentist will remove plaque and tartar from the surface of teeth as well as above and below the gum line. In the early stages, the dentist will likely recommend deep cleaning more than twice annually to lessen the progression of gum disease.
- Scaling and Root Planing – This is a deep cleaning procedure that removes plaque and tartar from above and below the gum line and involves smoothing out the rough spots on the tooth root.
- Soft Tissue Grafts –Your dentist will reinforce thin gums or fill in areas where the gum has receded using healthy tissue, typically from the roof of the mouth, and stitching it in place.
- Tissue Regeneration – This procedure uses bone grafts, membranes, and tissues-stimulating protein to stimulate bone and gum tissue growth and is typically done when the bone supporting your teeth has been destroyed. Regeneration is often done in conjunction with pocket reduction surgery.
- Pocket Reduction Surgery – During this procedure, the dentist will lift back the gum and remove tartar, sometimes smoothing the damaged bone and root as well. The gums are then placed snugly around the tooth, reducing the space where bacteria can grow.
Before / After